For many children the legal proceedings involved in the commital of the offender may have a singularly traumatic effect (Burton 1969, p. 89).
In sex-offense cases - and especially when children are supposed to be the victims - it seems that the legal machinery has fallen back to a position where it is accepted that ordinary practice (where no one can be sentenced without guilt being confirmed beyond a reasonable doubt) no longer applies. Eriksson 1995 has shown this for Sweden.
For small children, so-called "expert testimony" seems necessary to establish if there was sexual abuse. Horner et al. 1993 have tested such experts. The range of estimated likelihoods that the child had been molested was extreme among the expert respondents.
In the English language: Anderson, Bender & Blau, Brunold, Burditt, Cohen, Farson, Finch, Gagnon & Simon, Gebhard, Geiser, Gibbens & Prince, Guttmacher, Henriquez, Joint Council of Teenagers, Kinsey, Landis, Linedecker, McCaghy, Mohr, Moody, NAMBLA, Nichols, Peters, Rush, Schofield, Schultz, B.Taylor, Turner, Walter, Weeks, West, Wilson & Cox, P. Wilson, The Wolfenden Committee.
In the French language: Aron & Kemfp, Boulin, Carpentier, Graven, Scherer.
In the German language: Albrecht, Baurmann, Behrend, Bennhold-Thomsen, Bleibtreu-Ehrenberg, Bornemann, Döring, Fisch,Frey, Geisler, Groffmann, Hanack, Herren, Hirschfeld, Jacobi, Kaiser, Kentler, Kerschner, Kilias, Körner, Lautmann, Leferenz, Lempp, Marbe, Mayer, Meinert, Messerer, Meyer, Mönkemöller, Müller-Hess, Müller-Lückmann, Nau, Schimmack, Schüler-Springorum, Siemens, Steinhilper, Stern, Störzer, Stutte, Vogel, Wyss.
In the Dutch language: Abspoel, Geradts, Hart de Ruyter, van der Kwast, de Leeuw-Aalbers, Möller, Pieterse, Rouweler-Wutz, Sandfort, Schwartz, Zeegers. (Brongersma,p.115)