Department of Psychiatry, Sir Mortimer B. Davis-Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada.
OBJECTIVE: To examine risk factors associated with borderline pathology in latency-age children. METHOD: The subjects were 98 children assessed for day treatment. Borderline subjects were identified in a chart review using the Child Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines, which divided the sample into borderline (n = 41) and nonborderline (n = 57) groups. Functional levels were assessed by Children's Global Assessment Scale scores. The risk factors were also rated by chart review; all subjects were given a cumulative abuse score and a cumulative parental dysfunction score. RESULTS: Both groups demonstrated severe functional impairment. The risk factors that differentiated the borderline group were sexual abuse, physical abuse, severe neglect, and parental substance abuse or criminality. Sexual abuse and severe neglect were significant in multivariate analysis. Cumulative abuse and cumulative parental dysfunction scores were both higher in the borderline group. CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicate that the risk factors in borderline children are similar to those found in adults.
PMID: 8567606, UI: 96148223